The area that is now Ontario was part of the lands used for hunting and foraging by the semi-nomadic Tongva (Gabrieleño) Native Americans, who were known to roam as far south as the western San Bernardino Mountains. At the time of Mexican and later of American settlement, active Native American settlements were scattered across the entire valley. Remains of a Serrano village were discovered in the neighboring foothills of the present-day city of Claremont.
Juan Bautista de Anza is said to have passed through the area on his 1774 expedition, and to this day a city park and a middle school bear his name. Following the 1819 establishment of San Bernardino Asistencia, which may have served as an outpost of the San Gabriel mission, it became part of a large, vaguely identified area called "San Antonio".
In 1826, Jedediah Smith passed through what is now Upland on the first overland journey to the West coast of North America via the National Old Trails Road (present-day Foothill Blvd).
The 1834 secularization of California land holdings resulted in the land's transferral to private hands. In 1881, the Chaffey brothers, George and William, purchased the land (which at that time also included the present-day city of Upland) and the water rights to it. They engineered a drainage system channeling water from the foothills of Mount San Antonio (colloquially known as "Mount Baldy") down to the flatter lands below that performed the dual functions of allowing farmers to water their crops and preventing the floods that periodically afflict them. They also created the main thoroughfare of Euclid Avenue (California Highway 83), with its distinctive wide lanes and grassy median. The new "Model Colony" (called so because it offered the perfect balance between agriculture and the urban comforts of schools, churches, and commerce) was originally conceived as a dry town, early deeds containing clauses forbidding the manufacture or sale of alcoholic beverages within the town. The two named the town "Ontario" in honor of the province of Ontario in Canada, where they were born.
Ontario attracted farmers (primarily citrus) and ailing Easterners seeking a drier climate. To impress visitors and potential settlers with the "abundance" of water in Ontario, a fountain was placed at the Southern Pacific railway station. It was turned on when passenger trains were approaching and frugally turned off again after their departure. The original "Chaffey fountain", a simple spigot surrounded by a ring of white stones, was later replaced by the more ornate "Frankish Fountain", an Art Nouveau creation now located outside the Ontario Museum of History and Art.
Agriculture was vital to the early economy, and many street names recall this legacy. The Sunkist plant remains as a living vestige of the citrus era. The Chaffey brothers left to found the settlements of Mildura, Australia and Renmark, Australia, which met with varying success. Charles Frankish continued their work at Ontario.
Mining engineer John Tays refined the design of the novel "mule car", used from 1887 for public transportation on Euclid Avenue to 24th Street. At that point, the two mules were loaded onto a platform at the rear of the car and allowed to ride, as gravity propelled the trolley back down the avenue to the downtown Ontario terminus. Soon replaced by an electric streetcar, the mule car is commemorated by a replica in an enclosure south of C Street on the Euclid Avenue median.
Ontario was incorporated as a city in 1891, and North Ontario broke away in 1906, calling itself Upland. Ontario grew at an astronomical rate, increasing 10 times in the next half a century. The population of 20,000 in the 1960s again grew 10 times more by the year 2007. Ontario was viewed as an "Iowa under Palm trees", with a solid Midwestern/Mid-American foundation, but it had a large German and Swiss community. Tens of thousands of European immigrants came to work in agriculture, and in the early 1900s the first Filipinos and Japanese farm laborers arrived, later to display nursery ownership skills.
Ontario has over two centuries of Hispanic residents, starting from the Californio period of Spanish colonial and Mexican rule in the 1840s. However, the first wave of Mexican settlers was in the 1880s brought as workers in the railroad industry (see traquero) and another wave from the Mexican Revolution of the 1910s. Mexican Americans resided in the city's poorer central side facing State Route 60 and Chino.
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For Rent|1,175 sqft|2 beds|1 bath|0.2066 acres|#CV22139114
THE LABRADA GROUP
For Sale|2,013 sqft|4 beds|3 baths|0.163 acres|#OC22137945
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Homequest Real Estate
For Sale|1,196 sqft|3 beds|2 baths|0.1537 acres|#IV22138247
OPENDOOR BROKERAGE INC.
For Sale|340 sqft|1 bath|0.0078 acres|#SB22138312
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For Sale|825 sqft|2 beds|1 bath|#CV22132050
CENTURY 21 CITRUS REALTY INC
For Sale|2,782 sqft|4 beds|2.5 baths|0.4132 acres|#CV22138285
HELP-U-SELL PRESTIGE PROP'S
For Sale|938 sqft|2 beds|1 bath|#222003150
For Rent|2,550 sqft|4 beds|3 baths|0.093 acres|#OC22138764
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The Brokers Real Estate Serv.
For Sale|2,227 sqft|4 beds|3 baths|0.0976 acres|#WS22136732
Pinnacle Real Estate Group
For Sale|1,898 sqft|3 beds|1.5 baths|0.1697 acres|#CV22137758
BERKSHIRE HATH HM SVCS CA PROP
For Sale|1,562 sqft|3 beds|2 baths|0.1653 acres|#CV22136842
For Sale|2,202 sqft|4 beds|3.5 baths|#OC22137507
TNHC Realty and Construction
Pending|1,400 sqft|4 beds|2 baths|0.1538 acres|#TR22137608
Ecca Management LLC
For Sale|1,596 sqft|4 beds|2 baths|0.1412 acres|#CV22136250
THE ASSOCIATES REALTY GROUP
For Sale|1,481 sqft|3 beds|2 baths|0.1053 acres|#TR22136828
Pinnacle Advanced Investments
For Sale|1,372 sqft|3 beds|2.5 baths|0.0803 acres|#PW22136768
eXp Realty of California Inc
For Sale|2,445 sqft|5 beds|3 baths|0.0694 acres|#OC22136781
Harvest Realty Development
For Sale|1,721 sqft|4 beds|3 baths|0.1217 acres|#CV22132955
COLDWELL BANKER BLACKSTONE RTY
For Sale|1,487 sqft|3 beds|2 baths|0.3214 acres|#IV22135735
For Sale|1,628 sqft|4 beds|2 baths|0.1837 acres|#CV22135789
SAL RAMOS, BROKER
For Sale|1,164 sqft|2 beds|2 baths|0.043 acres|#CV22132405
DYNASTY REAL ESTATE
For Sale|1,329 sqft|2 beds|2.5 baths|0.0305 acres|#SW22135371
Coldwell Banker Kivett-Teeters
For Sale|3,133 sqft|4 beds|3 baths|0.1136 acres|#CV22135590
CENTURY 21 CRISTAL CELLAR
For Sale|2,505 sqft|4 beds|3 baths|0.0913 acres|#WS22134386
HARVEST REALTY DEVELOPMENT
For Rent|2,204 sqft|3 beds|2 baths|0.186 acres|#IG22136033
Country Knoll Real Estate
For Sale|1,200 sqft|3 beds|1.5 baths|0.1758 acres|#CV22134962
CENTURY 21 PEAK
For Sale|2,309 sqft|4 beds|3 baths|0.0733 acres|#TR22135718
RE/MAX Universal Realty
For Sale|1,345 sqft|4 beds|2 baths|0.1936 acres|#IV22131319
Quality Real Estate Corp.
For Sale|1,528 sqft|4 beds|1.75 baths|0.1924 acres|#OC22108193
For Rent|2,500 sqft|5 beds|4 baths|0.0694 acres|#WS22135614
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For Sale|1,232 sqft|2 beds|1.5 baths|0.0321 acres|#IG22126059
Team Spirit Realty, Inc.
For Sale|1,232 sqft|2 beds|1 bath|0.2032 acres|#PW22131208
T.N.G. Real Estate Consultants